Orang Yang Duduk Dengan Ayah
Are you active in practicing your bahasa Indonesia ability in daily activities? How far you understand what the people around you talk about? Maybe you feel confused to explain about your opinion because of the lack of vocabulary and rarely practicing. As the foreigners who live in Indonesia, you have to increase your ability in speaking bahasa Indonesia because it will build the good relation with the local people as the way to reach the better career in your future life. Everyone in several country knows that Indonesia now has been the development country which already reach the increasing in economic sector, political relationship, the culture and tourism object as well.
By learning and communicating by using Indonesian language, you could be able to understand every single expression when you talk with the local people. Learning this language is not difficult as you think because bahasa Indonesia is the combination language from country so could easily understand about the meaning and the rule of the sentence.
Now we will explain about some rule in bahasa Indonesia through this article, Orang Yang Duduk Dengan Ayah, then you would know about how to use the relative pronoun in bahasa Indonesia. So, please pay attention of this article, first you can see the dialog below.
Gugun : Den, siapa orang yang duduk dengan Ayah itu?
Raden : Oh, orang itu adalah teman saya. Minggu lalu, dia datang dari Jakarta.
Gugun : Oh begitu, dia pergi kesini dengan apa?
Raden : Dia selalu pergi dengan motor tuanya kesini. Dia orang yang sangat baik dan juga jujur
Gugun : Apa dia sudah menikah?
Raden : Ya, dia sudah menikah tapi saya tidak ingat kapan dia menikah. Istrinya seorang guru SD
tapi istrinya lebih tua 10 tahun daripada dia.
Gugun : Oh ya, itu bagus sekali. Dimana kamu kenal dia?
Raden : Saya bertemu dia ketika kami naik gunung yang ada di dekat desa itu. Saya suka naik
gunung dan dia juga punya hobi yang sama dengan saya.
Gugun : Jadi kalian sudah lama menjadi teman
Raden : Iya, karena kami tinggal di kota yang sama, jadi kami sering bertemu dan menjadi teman
Gugun : Lalu, kenapa dia sekarang tinggal di Jakarta?
Raden : Sesudah tamat universitas, dia bekerja di perusahaan Amerika di Jakarta. Kadang-kadang
dia datang kesini dan tinggal di rumah saya beberapa hari ketika libur.
From the dialog above, we could see some of the sentences that use yang. It is called as the relative pronoun that will explain about the specification of the pronoun or noun. Usually in English, we know about which, that, and who as the relative pronoun which has the function to explain the detail about the noun (object and subject). In this case, bahasa Indonesia only uses one relative pronoun for whole pronoun and noun, that is yang (which, that, who). In bahasa Indonesia, yang has some other function that described about :
- to mean who, that, which (relative pronoun)
Orang yang minum kopi itu adalah suami saya (the person who is drinking coffee is my husband)
Usually the sentence that use relative pronoun that explain about noun or pronoun will use adalah as the auxiliary which could be ialah as the alternative. However, this word is usually omitted in speaking so we never hear about that word in the conversation.
Another style in expressing yang for the speaking also:
- Yang minum kopi itu adalah suami saya (“the meaning is same as the example above”)
- Yang masuk rumah itu adalah kakek saya (the person who is entering the house is my grandfather)
In speaking, the people usually omit identity of pronoun (in this case is person, orang) and put yang as the first word in a sentence. It also happens in the interrogative sentence, for example:
- Siapa orang yang makan apel saya (Who ate my apple)
Could be changed as yang makan apel saya siapa? Or siapa makan apel saya? In this case, yang is omitted but mostly people understand about the meaning of that sentence.
- To identify the subject distinctly.
- Saya buat itu (I made it), usually it is used in English but in bahasa Indonesia, we use yang that is put before the verb So it becomes saya yang buat itu. (I am the one who made it)
- Saya yang tulis surat itu (I am the person who write that letter)
- To emphasize an ordinal number
- Yang pertama (The first)
- Yang kedua (The second)
- Yang ketiga (The third)
Do you know, the way to improve your ability in using bahasa Indonesia is practicing in your daily activity with the local people around you. It will be better if you try to mention some words you already known in front of people in your office, for example. So, day by day, you will be able to memorize some words. The local people will help you to make conversation in bahasa Indonesia if they know you are very excited in learning their language.
There are many media that will help you to learn this language by yourself. If you think that it is difficult to study this language by yourself, so you could find the professional teacher for giving you lesson bahasa Indonesia for foreigner. It will be the good way for you to practice the language with the teacher also you will get many information about the language culture of this culture.
If you need any information about bahasa Indonesia course or you wonder about another program we have about bahasa Indonesia learning, you could contact us through telephone/sms/WA at number 087885296161 or you could sent the message or email to our email address firstname.lastname@example.org. Let’s start to make you better than before. (SM)
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